The Behavioural and Emotional Rating Scale 2nd Edition (BERS-2) is a strength‐based approach to assessment and provides an overall index of a child’s strengths and competencies from three perspectives: self, parent and teacher. Items cover domains such as interpersonal strengths, functioning at school, affective strength, intrapersonal strength, family involvement and career strength.

Psychometric propoerties

Property Definition BERS-2
Internal consistency The degree to which similar items within a scale correlate with each other Strong internal consistency reported by Epstein (2004)
Construct validity Degree to which the questionnaire measures what it is supposed to Good construct validity reported by Epstein (2004)
Test-retest reliability Degree to which the same respondents have the same score after period of time when trait shouldn't have changed Excellent test-retest reliability reported by Epstein (2004) for all three informants


The BERS-2 can be completed by children and young people aged 11-18, and by parents/carers and teachers about children aged 5 to 18.


A Spanish translation is available here.


The BERS-2 is designed to be completed in approximately 10-15 minutes by children, young people, parents and teachers.

Scoring and interpretation

The BERS-2 is comprised of 52 items (teacher form) and 58 items (parent and youth forms). The items are rated on a 4-point Likert scale from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much). The scales are composed of an overall Strength Index that provides a single summary score of strengths and five subscales: Interpersonal Strength, Family Involvement, Intrapersonal Strength, School Functioning, and Affective Strength. The five subscales have a mean standard score of 10 and a standard deviation of 3. The sum of the subscale standard scores is converted into the Strength Index that has a mean of 100 and standard deviation of 15.

Terms of use

There is a cost associated with the use of this measure. For info, please see 'pricing' here:  https://www.parinc.com/Products/Pkey/18

Further information



Buckley, J.A. & Epstein, M.H. (2004) The Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale-2 (BERS-2): Providing a Comprehensive Approach to Strength-Based Assessment. Contemporary School Psychology, 9, 21.

Epstein, M. H. (2004). Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale-2nd Edition: A strengths-based approach to assessment. Austin, TX: PRO-ED.

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