The Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) is designed as a screening tool to explore the resources (individual, relational, communal and cultural) available to individuals, that may bolster their resilience. The measure was designed as part of the International Resilience Project (IRP), of the Resilience Research Centre, in collaboration with 14 communities in 11 countries around the world.

Property Definition CYRM
Reliability Degree to which respondents in a similar sample had similar scores

Results show sufficient content validity of the CYRM-12 to merit its use as a screener for resilience processes in the lives of adolescents.

Quantitative and qualitative stages to its development ensure the CYRM-28 has good content-related validity across research sites. Crossover comparison analyses of the findings from the quantitative administration of the pilot measure with 1,451 youth and qualitative interviews with 89 youth support the CYRM-28 as a culturally sensitive measure of youth resilience.


CHILD - Designed for ages five through nine years old.

YOUTH - Designed for ages ten through 23 years old.

Person Most Knowledgeable About Child (PMK) – The CYRM-PMK is designed for use by primary caregivers or people who play a significant role in the participant’s life.

All come in 12 and 26 item versions.


The CYRM is currently available in the following languages (not necessarily for all versions of the CYRM):

  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • English
  • French
  • Hindi
  • Portuguese (Brazil)
  • Spanish (Puerto Rico)
  • Spanish (Spain)
  • Urdu


It is recommended that researchers complete the questionnaire with children individually. It is
important that all questions be read to participants as they work through the measure to ensure the
children understand each question. Researchers should also record the answer for the participant but take care to ensure that participants are engaged.
Administration of the CYRM-26 takes approximately 20 minutes, but researchers should be
prepared to take more time when participants require more clarification. Administration of the CYRM-12 takes less time.

Scoring and interpretation

The CYRM-28 has three sub-scales: individual capacities/resources, relationships with
primary caregivers and contextual factors that facilitate a sense of belonging. Certain questions in the survey provide insight into certain sub-scales. To score each subscale, simply sum responses to the relevant questions – please read the CYRM Manual for more information.

Terms of use

There is no cost to reproduce the CYRM-28 and the CYRM-12 including versions of the CYRM adapted for use with younger children, for research purposes as long as (a) no changes are made other than those authorised by the RRC, (b) the author's are credited (see Ungar & Liebenberg, 2011), and (c) the measure is not sold. To obtain permission to reproduce the scale, you must fill in the request form on the Resilience Research Centre website (www.resilienceresearch.org). Once this has been completed, you will receive instant access the CYRM (no review process necessary, we just keep your information for our files) and no further permission to use CYRM is required.



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